French, Dutch and German are the three official languages of the Kingdom of Belgium. In addition, several non-official dialects and minority languages are spoken.
The non-official dialects are Flemish, Walloon, Picard, Champenois, Lorrain, Low Dietsch, Luxembourgish and Yiddish. Minority languages include Arabic, Berber, Turkish, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese and Polish. A large number of native Belgians throughout the country speak English as a second or third language.
Belgium has a population of about 11 million people. Almost the entire population is urban. The prevalent foreign groups are Italian, French, Dutch, Moroccan, Portuguese, Spanish, Turkish and German. There are also significant numbers of Algerians and people from the Democratic Republic of Congo. People of foreign background and their descendants make up about a quarter of the Belgian population.