A large industry in the UK is the pharmaceutical industry. This industry has an important part in the economy and the UK has a big share of global pharmaceutical R&D expenditures. Companies in the UK, next to companies in the US, have discovered and invented more leading medicines than any other country.
The automotive industry , with a turnover of about fifty billion pounds and twenty-five billion pounds of exports. Besides that UK has the second largest national aerospace industry of the world.
The UK has an intensive, efficient and highly mechanized agriculture by European standards. More than half of its food needs are being produced domestically, however, the percentage of the labor force is very small. Another big industry is the fishing industry and there are important natural resources such as coal, natural gas, petroleum, limestone, and a lot of arable land. The UK is furthermore a large consumer of energy and one of the largest producers of natural gas in the world.