The country’s exports are chiefly made up of manufactured products. More than half of Spain’s total exports are ships, semi-finished goods, pharmaceuticals, cars, and electronic devices. Spain is also the world’s third-largest exporter of vegetables, fruits and wine. Two-thirds of exports are shipped to countries in the European Union. Main export partners are Germany, France, Italy, China, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, the United States and Portugal.
Trade with Western European countries has progressively expanded since steps were taken in the 1960s to free up Spain’s economy. The United States, on the other hand, has shifted from being Spain’s most important trading partner in the 1970s to supplying less than five percent of imports and exports today.
Spain is home to a number of ports in several different regions. Examples include the Ports of Bilbao and Pasaia in the Basque Country, of Andalusia are Huelva, Cádiz, and El Puerto de Santa María on the Atlantic Ocean. The region of Asturias has two ports: Gijón and Avilés. The Balearic Islands have the ports of Mahon, Ibiza and Palma, while the Canary Islands have the Port of Las Palmas, the Port of Santa Cruz de Tenerife and Los Cristianos.
Examples of Spain’s busiest airports are Madrid Airport, Barcelona Airport, Palma de Mallorca Airport and Málaga Airport.