Diverse industries and trade sector
The main exports consist of road vehicles, electrical machinery, chemical products, furniture, footwear, cigarettes and food. Tourism also plays a key role in acquiring income. Some of Slovenia’s imports are transport equipment, machinery, manufactured goods, food, and fuels. Slovenia’s economy is very reliant on international trade.
Confronted with the collapse of communications and transport networks to south-eastern Europe and the loss of Yugoslav markets in the early 1990s, Slovenia reoriented trade towards the European Union and associated countries; these now represent over two thirds of the country’s imports and exports. Other trade partners include the Russian Federation, Serbia and Bosnia Herzegovina. The major cities in Slovenia are Ljubljana (the capital), Maribor, Celje, Kranj and Velenje. Smaller, but significant cities include Jesenice, Koper, Murska Sobota, Nova Gorica, Novo Mesto, and Trbovlje. Slovenia has a very short coastline and is almost landlocked. The country has three major ports: Port of Izola, Port of Koper and Port of Piran. The major airports are Ljubljana Jože Pučnik Airport, Maribor Edvard Rusjan Airport and Portorož Airport.